Grades 9-12

CURRICULUM for GRADES 9-12

BIBLE DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: Bible I, II, III, IV

Bible I
The first semester of Bible I is a survey of the united kingdom of Israel and the divided kingdom of Israel and Judah.  The second semester consists of a study from Matthew, Mark, and Luke.  The life of Christ is the focus of this study. Prerequisites:  None, Credits earned toward graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 9.
    
Bible II
Bible II covers the books of Job and Psalms and studies Christian evidences during the first semester.  The second semester covers Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, and Galatians.  An overview of each book is presented with main points and theological truths being highlighted. Prerequisites:  None, Credits earned toward graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level:  10

Bible III
Bible III covers the writings of Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, and Jeremiah during the fall.  Attention is given to each individual author and to a chapter-by-chapter study of each book.  Students gain a general understanding of the content and a greater appreciation for genre found in the scriptures.  A study of marriage and the family is also conducted during the fall.  The spring semester covers these epistles by Paul:  Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. An extensive search of the author’s background and his writings serves as a foundation for the study.  Special attention is given to Bible geography and the location of cities that served as the destination for each epistle. Prerequisites: None, Credits earned toward graduation:  1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11.

Bible IV
Bible IV concentrates on the life and teachings of Jesus as recorded in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.  The second semester consists of a study from the books of Hebrews, James, I Peter, II Peter, I John, II John, III John, Jude, and Revelation.  A Bible research paper is required during the fall. Prerequisites: None, Credits earned toward graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 12

BUSINESS DEPARTMENT

Principles of Accounting
Accounting is a two-semester elective course in which students learn the concepts of accounting and their applications.  This course includes extensive work in completing a business accounting cycle.  Students produce all forms and reports needed in accounting cycles and develop skills in proving cash, reconciling bank statements, completing payrolls, and creating tax reports.  They learn to calculate interest and depreciation. Prerequisites: Computer Technology or special permission, Credits earned toward graduation: 1 elective credit, Suggested Grade Level:  An elective for 11th or 12th grade students who have an interest in developing skills in usage, speed, and accuracy.

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT
Half (.5) Credit required

Computer Applications
The computer technology course is designed to help students become competent and literate at a variety of computer applications that include: keyboarding, word processing (Microsoft Word), spreadsheets (Excel), multimedia presentations (PowerPoint), desktop publishing, Internet, and web page concepts.  Basic computer literacy, internet literacy, and a brief history of the computer will be included. Prerequisites: None, Credits earned toward graduation: .5 required credit, Suggested Grade Level:  9th grade level preferred; any 9-12 accepted.

Interactive Multimedia Presentation
This course teaches the students to use interactive multimedia tools to develop electronic presentations.  Creative design, persuasive communications, and language art skills are applied. Copyright laws and ethical practices are taught and reinforced in the creation of presentations. Prerequisites:  Keyboarding/ Computer Applications, must have teacher approval, Recommended Credit: 1, Grades: 9- 12.

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: English I, II, III, IV, Speech   

English I
English I is a combination of a study in grammar, composition, literature, and vocabulary.  It is organized so students study units in each of these areas at different points throughout the various grading periods.  Competence in language usage, writing skills, reading skills, and vocabulary knowledge is stressed.  Supplementary reading is required both during the school year and in the summer prior to ninth grade. Prerequisites: None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 9.

English II
English II is a study of English grammar as well as several genres of literature: short story, poetry, novel, and Shakespearean drama.  A study of writing and the five paragraph essay is included.  A variety of assignments are given to help students improve their knowledge of literature and to further develop writing and communications skills.   Supplementary reading is required both during the school year and in the summer prior to tenth grade. Prerequisites: Completion of English I, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 10.

English III
English III emphasizes a survey of American literature from the first English settlers to contemporary authors.  Students learn to analyze literature, write through various modes, and construct an effective research paper.  Supplementary reading is required both during the school year and in the summer prior to 11th grade. The TCAP writing assessment is given during the third quarter of the junior year to measure writing proficiency through a persuasive essay. Prerequisites: Completion of English I and II, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11

English IV
English IV helps students prepare for college level English and literature requirements.  Great English writers are studied, and an appreciation for their writings is stressed. Grammar and writing skills are polished through weekly essay compositions and an extensive English research paper is due in the spring. Supplementary reading is required both during the school year and in the summer prior to12th grade. Prerequisites: Completion of English I, II, and III, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 required credit (can take AP or Dual Enrollment Eng Comp I and II), Suggested Grade Level: 12.

Advanced Placement (AP) English Literature
The AP English literature and composition course is designed to engage students in the careful reading and critical analysis of imaginative literature. Through the close reading of selected texts, students can deepen their understanding of the ways writers use language to provide both meaning and pleasure for their readers. As they read, students should consider a work's structure, style, and themes, as well as smaller-scale elements such as the use of figurative language, imagery, symbolism, and tone. AP testing is required. Prerequisites: Completion of English I, II, and III, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit (fills English IV requirement),
Suggested Grade Level: 12.

Journalism / Yearbook
Journalism is a hands-on, multi-media course in which students are guided in the production of the school’s yearbook, The Recall.  Skills in photography, design, and copy writing are taught, eventually allowing students to work independently under the guidance of the instructor. Prerequisites:  Permission of Yearbook sponsor, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 elective credit per year, Suggested Grade Level: 10- 12.

Speech
Speech is a required one-semester study of basic speech principles, including such topics as the importance of good communication skills, listening, group discussion, and building and organizing speeches. Students learn to distinguish differences among informative, persuasive, entertaining, and demonstrative speeches. Debating and parliamentary procedure are also studied extensively.  Students are encouraged to develop ease and required confidence in speaking before audiences. Prerequisites: None, Credits Earned for Graduation: .5 required credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11.

FINE ARTS DEPARTMENT
Requirements include 1 credit of any of the following:

Chorus
Chorus is a two-semester high school course in which students learn basic music reading skills, proper posture for singing, proper tone production, melody, and harmony. The students prepare and perform choral pieces, popular music, and chapel songs.  
Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit per year, Suggested Grade Level:  9-12.

Art I
Art I is designed to teach, guide, and promote student artistic talents through drawing, sketching, painting, and sculpting.  Each semester art projects are displayed in the art room for others to see. Selections are sent to Columbia State for county competition.
Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level:  9-12.

Art II
Art II is a fine arts class elective that is a continuation of Art I. This class gives added instruction into detailed sketching, drawing, and painting. Students are given more freedom to allow their natural creative talents to mature. It is two semesters in length. Enrollment in Art II is allowed only by recommendation of the Art I teacher. Prerequisites:  Art I and recommendation of the art teacher, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 10-12.

SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: World History or World Geography, American Government, Economics and Personal Finance.

World History
World History is a two-semester survey of western civilization from the beginnings of civilization in the ancient world to the current issues of the Twentieth Century. Emphasis is placed upon gaining an appreciation for the European cultures which influenced our American culture. Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 9. 

World Geography
In world geography, students study people, places, and environments. This covers local, regional, national, and international levels from the spatial and ecological perspectives of geography. Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 9.

American Government
This required one-semester course in American government considers the ways government in this country is organized, the ways it is controlled by the people, the many things it does, and the various ways it accomplishes its activities. This course explores our federal system of government.  It emphasizes the fundamental freedoms found in our Constitution. It examines the three branches of our national government and investigates the duties of each branch. Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: .5 credits,
Suggested Grade Level: 12.

Economics
Economics is a one-semester, required course that introduces basic principles of economics.  Students are introduced to issues dealing with entrepreneurship, banking, inflation, unemployment, the federal-reserve system, gross national product, and taxes.  A variety of activities are assigned so students can apply economic principles to their everyday lives. Prerequisites: None, Credits Earned for Graduation: .5 credits, Suggested Grade Level: 11-12.

United States History
United States History is a two-semester course that covers the period of Reconstruction through the present. While exploring the events of history, students study culture, economics, geography, governance and civics, and groups and interactions. Students utilize different methods that historians use to interpret the past, including points of view and historical context. Prerequisites: None, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11.  

Advanced Placement (AP) History
This class is a college level American history class which takes serious students through the Pre-Colonial Period to modern American history. At the end of the school year the students are required to take the AP test. A high score can result in the student receiving college credit for a semester of American History. This course is strenuous and requires much reading and preparation. Prerequisites: World History or World Geography, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11.

Personal Finance
Personal Finance is a course designed to inform students how individual choices directly influence occupational goals and future earnings potential. Real world topics covered will include income, money management, spending and credit, as well as saving and investing. Prerequisites:  None, Credits Earned for Graduation: .5 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 12.

Psychology
In psychology class, students study the development of the individual and the personality. Students will understand how culture, economics, environment, history, government, and individual group interactions contribute to the development of the personality of an individual. Prerequisites: None, Credits Earned for Graduation: .5 credits, Suggested grade level: 11-12.

MATH DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II and a fourth higher level math course

Algebra I
Algebra I places emphasis upon basic algebra processes.  Topics for instruction include integers, algebraic operations, linear equations, word problems, polynomials, graphing, radicals, and quadratics. Prerequisites:  Pre-algebra, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 8 or 9 (depending on math placement), Required Materials:  Calculator (TI-83 recommended).

Geometry
Geometry is a required two-semester high school mathematics course.  The course is a study of deductive and inductive reasoning, properties of two and three dimensional figures; congruence, similarity and symmetry of geometric figures; translations; and constructions. Prerequisites: Algebra I, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 9-12 (depending on math placement), Required Materials: Calculator (TI-83 recommended).
              
Algebra II
Algebra II is a second year algebra course which builds upon abilities learned in Algebra I. It is a required course lasting two semesters.  The topics covered in Algebra II include linear equations and inequalities, functions, polynomials, rational expressions, and complex numbers.  A project is also assigned each nine weeks. Prerequisites: Algebra I, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 10 or 11, Required Materials: Calculator (TI-83 recommended).

Pre-Calculus
Pre-calculus is an advanced math course recommended only for the serious math student. The students cover algebra, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions and their graphs, as well as analytic geometry in preparation for a course in calculus.  A project is assigned each nine weeks. Prerequisite: Algebra II, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 11 or 12, Required Materials:  Calculator (TI-83 recommended).

Calculus
Calculus is an two-semester elective math course designed for the serious math student. The course is a study of limits, derivatives, and integrals of algebraic and trigonometric functions; applications of the definite integral; techniques of integration; infinite series and a pre-calculus review. Prerequisites:  Pre-calculus, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 12, Required Materials:  Calculator (TI-83 recommended).

Senior Math
Senior math is a math course designed as a review of high school algebra.  It helps the students prepare for college algebra.  Also, additional practice and review will be given in preparation for the ACT and SAT. Prerequisites: Algebra II, Credits Earned for Graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 12, Required Materials: Calculator (TI-83 recommended).

SCIENCE DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: Biology I, Chemistry or Physics and one other lab science

Biology
Biology is a course which provides lecture and lab activities in the study of living organisms.  The student studies basic life process at the molecular, cellular, systemic, organismal, and ecological levels of organization within the biosphere.  Students will complete dissection activities as part of this course. Prerequisites: None, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 9.

Environmental Science
Environmental Science enables students to develop an understanding of the natural environment and environmental problems the world faces. Students will investigate ecological principles, human population dynamics, natural resources, energy sources and their use, human interaction with the environment, and personal and civic responsibility. Prerequisite: None, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 10-12.

Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy and physiology is the study of the body’s structures and functions at the molecular/biochemical, cellular, tissue, organ, systemic, and organism levels.  Students explore the body through laboratory investigations, models, diagrams, and/or comparative studies of the anatomy of other organisms. Prerequisites: None, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 12.

Physics
Physics introduces students to mechanics (Newton’s laws of motion), thermodynamics, waves and sound, light and optics, electricity and magnetism, and atomic and nuclear physics.  Activities/labs are integrated into the lessons. Prerequisites:  Algebra II and Geometry, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 11-12, Required Materials: TI-83 calculator.

Chemistry I
Chemistry is a study of atomic structure and how atoms interact to form compounds.  Chemical and physical properties of matter based on the underlying features of elements are investigated.  Chemical nomenclature is discussed, and students are expected to solve problems based on balanced equations.  Behavior of gases and energy considerations accompanying chemical reactions are discussed.  Students receive an introduction to acids and bases as well as to the nature of solutions.  Lab activities are integrated into the course, supporting the concepts studied in the lectures. Prerequisites: Algebra I, Co-requisite: Algebra II or Geometry, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 10-12, Required Materials: TI-83 calculator.

Chemistry II
Chemistry II is a study of atomic electronic structure and nuclear changes.  Focus is made on solution chemistry; chemical equilibrium, (including LeChatlier’s Principle); and acid-base interactions, including ph determination, neutralization, and titrations.  Ionic and covalent bonding, as well as molecular geometry, is discussed.  Students study states of matter.  Students are introduced to chemical thermodynamics and also to organic chemistry topics, including hybridization and nomenclature.  They are also introduced to electrochemistry and redox reactions.  Lab activities are integrated into the course, supporting the concepts studied in the lecture.
Prerequisites: Chemistry I, Co-requisite: Upper level math, Credit earned for graduation: 1, Suggested Grade Level: 11-12, Required Materials: TI-83 calculator.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
Requirements include: Physical Education and Health

Physical Education
Physical education students continue with activities that build strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness.  Unit studies are also completed over various sports’ histories and rules.  This course is designed to encourage students to continue in lifetime sports and fitness activities after the ninth grade and throughout life. Prerequisites: None, Credit earned for graduation: 1 (1 semester taken 9th grade year, 1 semester taken 10 grade year), Suggested Grade Level: 9.

Health
Health is a tenth grade one-semester course that is offered adjacent to the tenth grade physical education course.  This is a study of proper health habits and wellness attitudes that will benefit students for a lifetime. Topics introduced and discussed include:  nutrition, tobacco, alcohol, physical fitness, and stress management. Class lecture, group discussion, and videos are used to introduce facts concerning benefits and dangers related to each topic in an effort to help students develop a positive attitude and commitment toward maintaining good health. Prerequisites: None, Credit earned for graduation: .5, Suggested Grade Level: 10.

Unified Physical Education
Unified P.E. is an extension of Unified Special Olympics which allows mainstream students to team up with special needs students.  Columbia Academy students participate in physical education activities with students who have disabilities. The course is a joint course between Columbia Academy and the King’s Daughters School. CA students travel to King’s Daughters school for the class on a CA bus. Credit earned for graduation: 1 credit, Suggested Grade Level: 10-12.

Driver Education (Summer Only)
Driver education is a one-semester class designed to develop safety-conscious drivers. This course increases the students’ knowledge of the driving environment and enables them to become safe and wise drivers. Students are required to complete 30 hours of classroom study and 6 hours of range and road driving. Students must have obtained a learners’ permit to complete the driving portion of the course.  This is offered only in the summer. A fee is charged for the course. Prerequisites:  Learner’s permit or driver’s license, Credit earned for graduation: None, Suggested Grade Level: 10.